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Many of the coins come from the Eck Prud'homme collection (P) formed by myself 1973-99 and auctioned by Steve Album around 2010, or the Gary Damkoehler collection (D) formed 1966-80s mainly through auction purchases and from B.N. Shrestha of Nepal, and auctioned by Heritage 12/11-12/2015. I am always looking for better items to buy, or to offer here on consignment at favorable terms. If you got an email with link to this page, then you will get another when new items are added or discounts offered.

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Everything should be in stock but occasionally I forget to remove a sold coin. You pay only the true USPS postal rates, no extra handling charges. I take most forms of payment including Visa / MC and [Paypal add 1% USA 2% Non-USA]. To order, tell me Y#, and PRICE, OR copy and paste the entire line for each item into an email. I will send an invoice same or next business day. No reply? Try THIS. Or see ORDERING INFO for more details. Order by phone: 425-369-1725 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM USA Pacific. All coins are guaranteed genuine and can be returned at any time if proven otherwise. (details . . .). Please return unwanted coins in one week, or let me know if you need more time for study. No discount now, even for large orders, but later I will discount unsold items.

ABOUT THE OFFERS . . .
Click on the PHOTO thumbnail to see the coin. (more . . .). C# or Y# is similar to those shown in Standard Catalog of World Coins (KM) but I have made changes for varieties they do not show. (more references). I try to catalog accurately by KM but my DESCRIPTIONs may mention different or additional details than that work. (more on varieties . . .). GRADE shown is my own. Compare some photos to my assigned grades to see if you agree with my standards. 99% of my coins are "raw" - no slabs. (more . . .). The PROVENANCE () column shows the collection source for the coin. (more . . .).

AN IMPORTANT BOOK
Zhong guo xi zang qian bi tu lu (Illustrated Catalog of the Money of China's Tibet), by Yin Zheng Min (YZM) is a comprehensive variety/date catalog of Tibet & Malla coins and paper, all illustrated with color photos. Generally a finer breakdown than KM, with 91 examples of Gaden Tanka (Y13), for example. Chinese, but very little text and some photos use arrows or drawings to highlight differences. Best single Tibet catalog to date. Not well bound, so expect pages to come loose with serious use.   261p, 5.5x8.25", sc, 2004   SAMPLE PAGE        Minimum book post outside USA is $25   MORE REFERENCES New, signed: $60; Slightly used: $ 50.00 S
NEPALESE MINTS
PHOTO
Y#
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
BLACK TANGKA :     Nominally a Mohar of Jaya Ranjit Malla, 1722-69 of Bhatgaon. Trident, banners s. Nepali script, R: 8-lobed square, Nepali script, fixed date 842; 5.07-5.53g; Bhatgaon Mint. Low-fineness version of a Nepali coin produced for decades for export to Tibet, it may be the only coin that caused a war. Increasing debasement (i.e. "blackness") led to a refusal to pay, prime motivation for Nepali invasions 1788-91. Chinese allies took control of the country and established the first Tibetan mint. Rhodes, N., Coinage of Nepal, 1989, p. 206.     Informational Photo: VARIETIES
C20a   "Black" Tangka, NE842 (1722), Variety: "U" & wide-spaced dots below trident, finer silver, possibly 1720s-1735, 5.07-5.53g, Bhatgaon.     R564, KM (Nepal)-108 VF-EF rippled flan   $ 95.00 D
C20aX   "Black" Tangka FORGERY (contemporary), NE842 (1722), Variety: "U" & wide-spaced dots below trident, finer silve variety, possibly of 1720s-1735, but this a baser silver with low weight 4.11g.     VF-EF   $ 20.00 D
C20b   "Black" Tangka, NE842 (1722), Variety: Tri-lobe & close-together dots below trident, irregular obv/rev rotation, poorer silver, possibly 1735-53. Nepali coin produced for decades for export to Tibet, it may be the only coin that "caused" a war. Increasing debasement (i.e. "blackness") led to a refusal to pay, an excuse for Nepali invasions 1788-91. Chinese allies took control of the country and established the first Tibetan mint. INFORMATIONAL PHOTO     R565, KM (Nepal)-108v, YZM542 F+-VF crude flan   $ 22.50 S
C20b   "Black" Tangka, NE842 (1722), Variety: Tri-lobe & close-together dots below trident, irregular obv/rev rotation, poorer silver, possibly 1735-53.     R565, KM (Nepal)-108v, YZM542 Vg+-F crude flan   $ 14.50 S
C20b   "Black" Tangka, NE842 (1722), Variety: Tri-lobe & close-together dots below trident, irregular obv/rev rotation, poorer silver, possibly 1735-53.     R565, KM (Nepal)-108v, YZM542 SAMPLES shown VG+-F crude $13.50; F+-VF crude flan   $ 21.00 S
C20c   "Black" Tangka, NE842 (1722), Variety: copper (possibly contemporary forgery), R565v     Vg   $ 15.00 S
JAYA PRAKASHA MOHAR, SEGMENTS :     Nepali Mohur of Jaya Prakash Malla of Kathmandu (1735-46 AD). Fineness about .666. Circulated in Tibet and was cut to produce fractionals, which are always found heavily circulated. Rhodes p. 94 #327-29 (varieties) & pp. 204-09. KM listings are under Nepal.     5 SKAR VARIETIES    Informational Photos: 7½ SKAR VARIETIES    10 SKAR VARIETIES
C41d   7½ Skar, Nepali Mohur of Jaya Prakash Malla of Kathmandu (1735-46), 4 Petals, center & edge cut, R1415, KM268     R1415, KM268 Vg-F   $ 22.50 16.5 D
C42a   10 Skar, Nepali Mohur of Jaya Prakash Malla of Kathmandu (1735-46), 5 Petals, straight cut, R1411, KM270, N371     R1411, KM270, N371 G   $ 18.50 D
PRATAP SIMHA MOHAR & SEGMENTS :     Nepali Mohur of Pratap Simha, Gorkha ruler of Nepal 1775-77, variety struck for Tibet. Nepal supplied Tibet with 1.5 million Mohur coins bearing legends of Pratap Simha but the reverse syllables of Sri Sri Gorkhanatha are in separated fleurettes rather than adjacent pointed arches as with his homeland type, and the fineness was .667. Cut segments are more common than uncut Mohars. KM listings are under Nepal.    Informational Photos: 5 SKAR VARIETIES    7½ SKAR VARIETIES    10 SKAR VARIETIES
C43   Pratap Simha Mohar struck for Tibet, SE1697 (1775 AD)     KM#472.2, R640, YZM611v VF-EF   $ 45.00 S
C44a   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 5 Skar, cut (=3 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight.     KM#481, R1425 Vg-F $12.50; SAMPLES shown F-VF   $ 19.50 D P
C44b   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 5 Skar, cut (=3 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight and at edges.     KM#482, R1426 SAMPLES shown Vg-F   $ 14.50 D
C45a   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 7½ Skar, cut (=4 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight.     KM#483, R1422 SAMPLES shown: Vg-F $13.50; F-VF   $ 21.50 D
C45a   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 7½ Skar, cut (=4 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight. Date visible: SE1697 (1776AD)     KM#483, R1422 VF   $ 30.00 P
C45a   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 7½ Skar, cut (=4 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight. Date visible: SE1697 (1776AD)     KM#483, R1422 F-VF   $ 27.50 D
C45d   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 7½ Skar, cut (=4 petals), (1775-77), Variety: edges & center cut.     KM#484, R1423-24, N407-10 F-VF   $ 24.50 P
C46a   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight.     KM#485, R1418 F-VF   $ 19.50 D
C46a   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight, date visible: SE1697 (AD1775)     KM#485, R1418 F-VF   $ 25.00 D
C46a   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight, date visible: SE1698 (=1776 AD).     KM#485, R1418 VF-EF   $ 30.00 D
C46b   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight, and edges.     KM#486, R1419 VF   $ 19.50 D
C46b   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight, and edges.     KM#486, R1419 F-VF   $ 21.50 D
C46b   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight, and edges, Date visible: SE1697 (=1775 AD)     KM#486, R1419 F-VF   $ 25.00 S
C46b   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut straight, and edges, Date visible: SE1698 (=1776 AD)     KM#486, R1419 VF   $ 27.50 D
C46d   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut edges & center     KM#486, R1420 EF   $ 26.50 D
C46d   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut edges & center, Date visible: SE1698 (=AD1776)     KM#486, R1420 F   $ 22.50 D
C46d   Pratap Simha Tanka, cut, 10 Skar, cut (=5 petals), (1775-77), Variety: cut edges & center, Date visible: SE1698 (=AD1776)     KM#486, R1420 Vg+   $ 17.50 D
RANJANA MOHAR, SEGMENT For a discussion of the Ranjana Tangka, see below. It was cut between petals to make fractional units (cho-tang), just as were the Jaya Prakash (C40-42) and Pratap Simha (C43-45), but unlike these, almost never with additional clippings at edge or center. Bertsch suggests this was because the coin was used as much as a charm as a coin, hence further mutilation would be sacrilege, or due to enforcement of a decree against clipping. Although cut Ranjanas are generally scarce, the Damkoehler collection included 61 pieces (plus 4 from other sources) as follows: 3 Petals: 15/40a 6, 15/40b 5, 15/40c 3, 15/40d 2, 15/40e 2, 15/46 1, 16/69 1, 16/92d 1, 16/x 1, NDv 21, NDv shaved 3; 4 Petals: 15/40b 1, 15/40c 1, 15/40e 1, NDv 7; 5 Petals: 15/40b 3, 15/40c 1, 15/40e 1, 16/69 1, NDv 4;    Informational Photo: VARIETIES
C24a   Ranjana Tanka, cut, 5 Skar (=3 petals), c.1880-1912, Variety: Straight cut; no date visible.     BR21 SAMPLES shown VF-EF   $ 19.50 D
C24a   Ranjana Tanka, cut, 5 Skar (=3 petals), c.1880-1912, Variety: Straight cut; no date visible. Privately minted by Newari traders in Lhasa copying a Nepali coin & later cut for change. INFORMATIONAL PHOTO     BR21 VF-EF   $ 21.50 D
C24a   Ranjana Tanka, cut, 5 Skar (=3 petals), c.1880-1912, Variety: Straight cut; 15/40 date visible, Bertsch die "b"     BR21 VF-EF   $ 30.00 D
C24a   Ranjana Tanka, cut, 5 Skar (=3 petals), c.1880-1912, Variety: Straight cut; 15/40 date visible, SET of Bertsch dies a,b,c,d An unusual assembly.     BR21 Set: VF-EF   $ 100.00 D
C24b   Ranjana Tanka, cut, 5 Skar (=3 petals), c.1880-1912, Variety: Straight cut; No date visible, slight shaving of outer edges. An unusual feature, as this type was rarely "desecrated" by clipping or shaving.     BR22 VF-EF   $ 27.50 D
C25   Ranjana Tanka, cut, 7½ Skar (=4 petals), c.1880-1912, Variety: Straight cut; no date visible.     BR23 BR25 BR26 N419 N420 SAMPLES shown VF-EF   $ 33.50 D
C25   Ranjana Tanka, cut, 7½ Skar (=4 petals), c.1880-1912, Variety: Straight cut; no date visible.     BR23 BR25 BR26 N419 N420 VF-EF   $ 35.00 D
C26   Ranjana Tanka, cut, 10 Skar (=5 petals), c.1880-1912, Variety: Straight cut; no date visible.     G19 BR20,24 N415-418 VF-EF   $ 35.00 D
RANJANA MOHAR :     c.1880-90   Small (6mm) circle around Lotus (no water line) s. Nepali script in square s. symbols, false date, R: Nepali script, trident in 3 lines s. 8 Nepali letters in fleurettes; 27-30mm, 4.14-5.23g.   BR = W. Bertsch, "The Tibetan Tangka with Ranjana Script," ONS Newsletter #185, Autumn, 2005, pp. 18-31 is a die study. Privately minted by Newari traders in Lhasa copying a Nepali coin, little care was given to consistency of details. Comparing the 4th and 2nd characters bottom row in square is sufficient to distinguish dies for the commoner 16/61 and 15/40 dates. These are the most likely visible on cut specimens showing dates. First top letter (T1) helps with 15/40. Numerals are read as: backwards 3 = 6; backwards 1 = 9; 6's are Nepali 6's, not Tibetan.     Informational Photo: DATES & VARIETIES
C27a   Ranjana Tangka, c.1880-90, "13/16": Variety: Small (6mm) circle around flower, false date 13/16     KMC#27.1, YZM358, BR7, N129 AEF   $ 185.00 D
CHINESE DYNASTIC COINAGE
PHOTO
Y#
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
QIAN LONG SILVER :     (1792-96) Dot in square s. Qian Long Tong Bao, 4 clouds s. Chinese year at compass points separated by dots, R: same in Tibetan; Dodpal Mint. The Yr. 58 1/2 Tangka has crescent in square vs. dot. For Yr. 58 four denominations were made, distinguishable only by size and weight: 1/2 Sho (5 Fen) 19-21mm, 1.7-1.9gm; 1/2 Tanga (3/4 Sho) 21-22mm, 2.6-2.8gm; Sho (Qian) 3.45-3.87gm; Tanga (1 1/2 Qian) 5.3-5.7gm. Variable sizes in the Qian Long Sho and Tangka create subtypes. For later years only the Sho was issued. Yr. 58 coins may have been struck later as well, to honor the year of conquest. Rhodes (SH100, referring to the Jia Qing Yr. 8-9 issues) believes that the variation in number of dots in the margins was deliberate and reflects mint organization.    Informational Photos: 1/2 SHO    3/4 SHO    SMALL SHO    MEDIUM SHO, Yr. 58    MEDIUM SHO, Yr. 59    MEDIUM SHO, Yr. 60    LARGE SHO    LARGE TANGKA
C74   Medium Sho, Yr. 58 (1793), 32/32 dots, Variety: size (26.1-27.5mm). 3.68gm, 26.31mm.     KMC#72.1, YZM58-61, 63-66, G39, Z6059 VF, possible ex-mount, weak spot   $ 175.00 D
C74   Medium Sho, Yr. 60 (1795), Variety: size (26.1-27.5mm), 30/28 dots. 3.47gm, 27.1mm. Obverse slightly double struck & creased.     KMC72.1, YZM93-104, K1462 SE1419-20 EF-AU   $ 275.00 D
JIA QING SHO :     (1796-1820) Dot in square s. Jia Qing Tong Bao, 4 clouds s. Chinese year at compass points separated by dots, R: same in Tibetan; Dodpal Mint. JQ = Bertsch, Gabrisch & Rhodes, "A Study of Sino-Tibetan Coins of the Jia Qing Era," J. East Asian Numismatics #7 (V. 2 #4, 1995), pp. 23-34. The sloppy engraving found after about JQ2 or 3 is explained by some of the Chinese mint workers having been called back. The large number of unintentional varieties, particularly for Yr. 25, could be classified differently or in greater detail. Dots are shown as O/R, or O top + bottom /R top + bottom. Yrs. 2-6 are rare.     Informational Photos: Yr. 1 VARIETIES    Yr. 5    Yr. 24 VARIETIES    Yr. 25 VARIETIES #1    Yr. 25 VARIETIES #2    Yr. 8 VARIETIES    SHO Yr. 9 TYPES
C83a   Sho, Yr. 1 (1796), 18+18/18+18 dots, 3.65gm, 28.87mm.     KMC83.1, YZM120-125, G47, K1464=SG1877, LM641, JQ1-3, GC149, HC93, SE1421 AVF   $ 600.00 D
DAO GUANG SHO :     (1821-50) Dot in square s. Dao Guang Tong Bao, 4 clouds s. Chinese year at compass points separated by dots, R: same in Tibetan; Dodpal Mint. For two-digit dates, number of dots in each location are coded as: Obv L + R + Bottom / Rev L + R + Bottom.      Informational Photos: Yr. 2 VARIETIES    Yr. 3 VARIETIES    Yr. 4 VARIETIES    Yr. 15 VARIETIES
C93   Sho, Yr.2 (1822), Variety: 28/26 dots, 3.67gm, 28.05mm. Re-engraved die.     KMC#93, YZM208-218, K1472, G57, LM648, Z31068 VF+   $ 250.00 D
XUAN TONG SILVER :     (1910), Xuan Tong Bao Zhang, R: coiled dragon, denomination & Xuan-tong legends, 1 Sho: 21.4-21.8mm, 3.3-4.0g; 2 Sho: 24.6-25.2mm, 6.4-8.1g, Dode Mint. Varieties: 1 Sho: Number of beads in central circles (20-24 obv), and orientation of 5-petal flower varies; 2 Sho: Number of beads in circles varies (24-32 obv).     Informational Photos: SHO VARIETIES    2 SHO VARIETIES
5d   Sho, ND (1910), Hsuan-t'ung, Variety: Obv. beaded circle with thin line connecting beads. (commonest variety) 3.52gm.     KMY#5, YZM428, LM653, SE1483 AF   $ 225.00 P
6   2 Sho, ND (1910), Hsuan-t'ung, silver, coiled dragon. Dode Mint. 7.36gm.     KMY#6, YZM434-437, G92, LM652, JL6 VF-EF, weak areas   $ 385.00 D
XUAN TONG 1/4 SHO :     Norbu in square s. Xuan Tong, year 1 (1909), denomination, in Tibetan, in quadrants of square, s. rosettes & clouds, R: Concentric circles, dots s. LEGEND in fleur. with arcs between, 25.8mm, 5.8-7.6-9.0?g, Dode Mint. The most obvious varieties are by size of inner square and petal (obv.) and inner circle (rev.); Bertsch shows a variety with dot in inner circle. The crescents to fleur., and fleur. to outer circle may connect, or not. All published varieties appear to be brass.    Informational Photos: 1/4 SHO VARIETIES    1/4 SHO FORGERIES
NATIVE TANGKA COINAGES
PHOTO
Y#
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
KONG PAR, EARLY :     13/45-47 (1791-93)    Arch over date, 3 symbols above s. square s. 8 scrolls; R: Lotus s. circle(s) s. SYMBOLS in fleur., 27.8mm, avg. 5gm (60a), 5.2gm (60b), 66% fine; Mints: Jomo Dzong in Kong-bo Prov. (hence "Kong-par) for 13/45, and Shol (Lhasa) for later dates. Basic TYPES are 1) Double circle around Lotus (1791-92), 2) Single (1792-93), 3) Pointed arch (1840s), 4) New style Lotus (c. 1850), and 5) Newer style Lotus & revised symbols E & SW (1890-91). VARIETIES within these types are numerous, mainly in the form and angle of date numerals, "scrolls" around square, lotus style, and NE, SW, E & N SYMBOLS. BK = Betsch, W., "The Kong-Par Tangkas of Tibet," J. ONS. #195, 2008, pp. 35-46, presenting many varieties, and noting that even more are in an unpublished paper. Bertsch notes finding 15 varieties among 18 specimens of the scarce pointed-arch type, and I find 3 more, suggesting that Kong Par varieties are largely engraver whim.    Informational Photos: C60a 13/45 VARIETIES    C60a 13/46 VARIETIES    C60b 13/46 VARIETIES    C60b 13/47 VARIETIES    C60c 13/46 VARIETIES    C60e 13/46 VARIETIES    MORE C60e 13/46 VARIETIES    
KONG PAR, LATER :     15/24-25 (1890-91+)     Design as erly type with stylistic differences. Avg. 4.5gm; Giamda Mint. BK = Betsch, W., "The Kong-Par Tangkas of Tibet," J. ONS. #195, 2008, pp. 35-46. "Stem" refers to the central Lotus. These are Y-A13 in Yeoman and A13.1 in some editions of KM; for stock-listing purposes I have called these "C100" and reassigned the Y-number "A13" to a variety of Type-A Gaden tangka.     INFORMATIONAL PHOTOS: VARIETIES
C100   Kong Par Tangka, "15/24" (1890-91+), Variety: (d): single circle lotus, fish clockwise, E: 9 dots, Stem: 2.5-3mm. (commonest variety)     (KMY#A13.1), G63, BK44-46, LY0369, K1435?, LM627 SAMPLES shown VF+-EF   $ 23.50 D P
C100   Kong Par Tangka, "15/24" (1890-91+), Variety: (d): single circle lotus, fish clockwise, E: 9 dots, Stem: 2.5-3mm. (commonest variety)     (KMY#A13.1), G63, BK44-46, LY0369, K1435?, LM627 AU   $ 32.50 D
C100   Kong Par Tangka, "15/24" (1890-91+), Variety: (j): single circle lotus, fish counter-clockwise, E: 9 dots, Stem: 2mm. (2nd commonest variety)     (KMY#A13.1), YZM375, BK47, 49 SAMPLES shown VF-VF+   $ 19.50 D P
C100   Kong Par Tangka, "15/24" (1890-91+), Variety: (j): single circle lotus, fish counter-clockwise, E: 9 dots, Stem: 2mm. (2nd commonest variety)     (KMY#A13.1), YZM375, BK47, 49 EF+   $ 32.50 S
C100   Kong Par Tangka, "15/25" (1890-91+), Variety: (e): single circle lotus, fish counter-clockwise, E: 9 dots, Stem: 1-2mm. Scarcer year.     (KMY#A13.1), YZM379, BK54, LY0370 VF   $ 25.00 P
GADEN TANGKA :         Arguably Tibet's most significant coin, the "Y13" Ga-den Tankgka was produced from c. 1840 to c. 1930 at five mints / submints. There are, conservatively, 38 types, nearly all assignable by mint and date, divided amongst 8 discreet classes (A-H). Likely unintended sub-varieties occur from unskilled die repair, while gross errors such as repeated or off-rotation symbols, and experimental machine strikes account for additional types. Rarity of classes descends from H and A, to G, C, D, E, B, and F. Also called White Tangka for its relative purity, fineness is roughly 75% across classes. Oddly, cut (fractional) pieces are rare, and contemporary counterfeits are scarce.
    The most important sources of variation are on the obverse: the design of the central Flower, the location and forms of the 8 Buddhist astamangala Symbols in Fleurettes - designated by their compass locations (N,NE,E,SE,S, etc.) - and the Dots or Waves between them. The order of the Symbols varies between classes A-B, and C-H. On reverse the N Fleurette is Ga, 3 characters vaguely resembling t92. Reverse variations occur in the form of the central Gem, the Spokes surrounding it, and the Dots and Waves between Fleurettes. Class A has a unique style and design, particularly in the central elements. Variations in the reverse Waves at N-NW, NE-E, and W-SW are significant in class B. Class H, and five scarce experimental issues in classes D - F are machine struck, while A-G are hand struck. In class F, presence or absence of dots beside the Flower respectively best distinguish Upper from Lower Dode mint products. The size / number of dots in the outer rings of both sides are useful in die studies, but too random to demarcate varieties.
    References: R = Rhodes, N., ONS Information Sheet #17, 1/83 (Gaden Tangka), and #19, 8/78 (Tibetan Mints): the seminal work; YZM = Yin Zheng-min (Weng cheng-min), Zhong guo xi zang qian bi tu lu (Illustrated Catalog of the Money of China's Tibet), Lhasa, 2004, ISBN7-223-01686-8: the most comprehensive work on Tibetan coins; VdH = Van den Hooff, René, The Tibetan Gaden tangka: a die study, 2015, ISBN 978-1-312-96402-0: expands upon Rhodes and presents a die study of Class F; SS = My old
Info Sheet #11, still useful, but prices & some information out of date; KM = Standard Catalog of World Coins, where Y13 entries were created by Brian Hannon.
GADEN CLASS B :     Dodpal Mint, c. 1880-94. Class: (vs. A): O: Water lines below Flower; R: 3-crescent Gem center; (vs. C-F): O: Order of Symbols (example: Lotus E). Rarity: 23% of Gaden Tangkas are Class B.
13B2   Dodpal Mint, c. 1880s-94. Class B, Type: O: Dot to L of Central Flower; (Fish swim c/cw; SW made of lines & dots). R: Smooth Crescent links W & NW Fleurettes. Subvarieties mainly in Flower, NW, S, & SW & SE Symbols.   Y13B2 My choice subvariety (best grade); Y13.B2a NW: Base triangle;    Y13.B2b NW: Base square.     KM-Y#B13.2?, R-Bii, YZM277, SS-Y13B.2-.3 Each: VF-EF, or VF-EF/White   $ 12.00
13B3a   Dodpal Mint, c. mid-1890s. Class B, Type: R: Hooked Wave lines W & SW Fleurettes & Dot below Wave linking E & NE Fleurettes; O: (No dot to L of central Flower.) Subvarieties are distinctive and numerous but likely unintentional, arising from Wave hooks R or L; Fish swim cw or c/cw & variable W & S symbols, all in various combinations.   Type: NE: Fish c/c/w; R: Hook R     KM-Y#B13.3, R-Biii, YZM279-283, SSY13B.4 VF white   $ 25.00
13B3b   Dodpal Mint, c. mid-1890s. Class B, Type: R: Hooked Wave lines W & SW Fleurettes & Dot below Wave linking E & NE Fleurettes; O: (No dot to L of central Flower.) Subvarieties are distinctive and numerous but likely unintentional, arising from Wave hooks R or L; Fish swim cw or c/cw & variable W & S symbols, all in various combinations.   Type: NE: Fish c/c/w; R: Hook L     KM-Y#B13.3, R-Biii, YZM279-283, SSY13B.4 VF dirty   $ 22.50
13B3f   Dodpal Mint, c. mid-1890s. Class B, Type: R: Hooked Wave lines W & SW Fleurettes & Dot below Wave linking E & NE Fleurettes; O: (No dot to L of central Flower.) Subvarieties are distinctive and numerous but likely unintentional, arising from Wave hooks R or L; Fish swim cw or c/cw & variable W & S symbols, all in various combinations.   Type: NE: Fish c/w; R: Hook L     KM-Y#B13.3, R-Biii, YZM279-283, SSY13B.4 VF-EF white   $ 27.50
13B4a   Dodpal Mint, c. mid-1890s-96. Class B, Type: O: S has 2 "legs" to central Circle (vs. Dot); (Fish swims c/w); (No Dot to L of central Flower) plus R: (No hooked or dotted Waves link Fleurettes). Varieties mainly in S, SW, NW and especially W Symbols.   Variety: W has hooked head (commonest B variety)     KM-Y#B13.5, R-Biv, YZM278, 284-91, SS-Y13B.5-.15 Each: VF-EF, or VF-EF/White   $ 12.00
13B4d   Dodpal Mint, c. mid-1890s-96. Class B, Type: O: S has 2 "legs" to central Circle (vs. Dot); (Fish swims c/w); (No Dot to L of central Flower) plus R: (No hooked or dotted Waves link Fleurettes). Subvarieties mainly in S, SW, NW and especially W Symbols.   Type: W has round head     KM-Y#B13.5, R-Biv, YZM278, 284-91, SS-Y13B.5-.15 EF+, wk spot   $ 30.00
GADEN CLASS C :     Tip Arsenal Mint, 1896. Class: (vs. B): O: Flower redesigned; Some Symbols redesigned & in new order; Outer ring added; R: No Hooks or Dots below Waves; 2-crescent Gem center; (vs. D-H): R: Waves link Fleurettes. Rarity: 4% of Gaden Tangkas are Class C.
GADEN CLASS D :     Tip Arsenal Mint, 1897-1900. Class: (vs. C): R: 3 Dots between Fleurettes; (vs. E-H): O: 3 Dots between Fleurettes. Rarity: 8% of Gaden Tangkas are Class D.
13D2   Tip Arsenal Mint, 1898. Class D, Type: O: Flower: Pellet leaves (as Class C); W has "curved keyboard" body; NW has 5 dots. Subvarieties: Size of N.     KM-Y#D13.2, R-Dii, YZM303-304, SS-Y13D.1 VF-EF   $ 15.00
13D3   Tip Arsenal Mint, 1899. Class D, Type: O: Flower: Pellet leaves (as Class C); W has "curved keyboard" body; NW has 9 dots.     KM-Y#D13.2, R-Diii, YZM300-301, SS-Y13D.2 F+-VF+   $ 16.50
13D4   Tip Arsenal Mint, 1900. Class D, Type: O: Flower: Long leaves (as Class E); W has open body; NW has 9 dots.     KM-Y#D13.4, R-Div, YZM298-299, SS-Y13D.4 VF-EF   $ 16.50
GADEN CLASS E :     Tip Arsenal Mint, 1901-06. Class: O: Wave between Fleurettes. (R: 3 Dots between Fleurettes): Rarity: 15% of Gaden Tangkas are Class E.
13E1   Tip Arsenal Mint, 1901. Class E, Type: O: NE: Line between fishes; (E: No dots at sides)     (KM-Y#E13.1?), R-Ei, YZM307, SS-Y13E.5 VF-EF, or VF-EF/White   $ 15.00
13E3   Tip Arsenal Mint, 1903. Class E, Type: O: (NE: Dots between fishes), (E: Dots at sides): (W: Arms at angle, no dots at ends.)     (KM-Y#E13.1?), R-Eiii, YZM310, SS-Y13E.3a VF-EF   $ 13.50
13E4   Tip Arsenal Mint, 1904. Class E, Type: O: (NE: Dots between fishes), (E: Dots at sides): (W: Arms vertical, two with dots at ends.)     (KM-Y#E13.1?), R-Eiv, YZM315, SS-Y13E.3 VF   $ 16.50
13E6   Tip Arsenal Mint, 1905. Class E, Type: O: (NE: Dots between fishes); (E: Dots at sides); (W: Arms vertical, two with dots at ends.); S: 3 dots (not 1) below.     (KM-Y#E13.1?), R-Eiv, YZM-nl, SS-Y13E.1 VF-EF   $ 15.00
GADEN CLASS F :     Dode Mint, Upper & Lower Branches, 1907-22. Class: (O: Dot between Fleurettes). (R: 3 Dots between Fleurettes): Rhodes' and van den Hoof's research suggests that Dots by the Central Flower and dots between Fish (NW) (Types 8, 10) designate Upper Dokde, while no Dots, and a hooked line between Fish (Types 7, 9, 11) are Lower Dokde. Rarity: Commonest class; 45% of Gaden Tangkas are Class F.
13F7   Lower Dode Mint, 1914-18. Class F, Type: O: (No dots by Central Flower); (NE: 3 dots between fishes); (NW: 5 dots & no petals).     KM-Y#F13.1v, R-Fvii, YZM327-28, SS-Y13F.1 Fine 10.00; VF-EF   $ 13.50
13F8a   Upper Dode Mint, 1914-18. Class F, Type: O: (Dots by Central Flower); (NE: 1+3+1 dots between fishes); (NW: 5 dots & no petals). Varieties occur in the NW symbol. Commonest single Type of Gaden Tangka, 16%.     KM-Y#F13.1v, R-Fviii, YZM332-33, SS-Y13F.11 Each: VF-EF, or VF-EF/White   $ 12.00
13F8d   Upper Dode Mint, 1914-18. Class F, Type: O: (Dots by Central Flower); (NE: 1+3+1 dots between fishes); (NW: 5 dots & no petals); Variety: Cruder engraving (Central Flower long, thin leaves; E: straight arms) Late-period after their best engraver had left for SerKhang Mint.     KM-Y#F13.1v, R-Fviii, YZM332-33, SS-Y13F.11 Each: VF-EF, or VF-EF/White   $ 13.00
13F9   Lower Dode Mint, 1914-18. Class F, Type: O: (No dots by Central Flower); (NE: 2-tailed line between fishes); (NW: dots, petals & banners around circle); (SW: Banner has squared elements).     KM-Y#F13.5, R-Fix, YZM3398, SS-Y13F.7 VF-EF   $ 15.00
13F11k   Lower Dode Mint, 1914-18. Class F, Type: O: (No dots by Central Flower); (NE: 2-tailed line between fishes); (NW: dots, petals & banners around circle); (SW: Banner has rounded elements); Variety: O & R: Large dots in outer rings; Fleurettes small & crowded.     KM-Y#F13.5v, R-Fxi, YZM340, SS-Y13F.8 VF   $ 15.00
13F12   Upper? Dode Mint, 1922. Class F, Type: O: (No dots by Central Flower); (NE: 3 dots between fishes); NW: dots & petals around circle; (O & R: Large dots in outer rings; Fleurettes small & crowded.)     KM-Y#F13.5v, R-Fxi, YZM340, SS-Y13F.8 VF   $ 20.00
GADEN CLASS G :     Ser Khang Mint, c. 1918-1922?. Class: No symbols between Fleurettes; O: Fleurettes touch. No Types. Varieties in E & NE. Rarity: 2% of Gaden Tangkas are Class G.
13G   Ser Khang Mint, c. 1918-1922?. Class G: No symbols between Fleurettes.     KM-Y#G13, R-G, YZM342-43, SS-Y13G Each: EF, or EF/White   $ 15.00
GADEN CLASS H :     Dode Mint, 1929-30. Class: O & R: Single Dot between Fleurettes; O: Fleurettes touch. Machine struck. Two Types based on variations in N, and one error Type with R: NW letters in reverse order. Varieties in N & S symbols. Rarity: Probably the rarest Class.
KALSANG TANGKA :     (1909?-10), Dode Mint(?), O: Norbu in square s. LEGEND and dots in quadrants of square, s. Nepali-style cartouches, R: Wheel s. Symbols in Fleurettes, 25.5-26mm, 2.65-4.60 (Avg. 3.6) gm. The symbol styles are the same as Gaden Tangka Y13F3. Also called "Monk Tangka." There are at least 25 varieties, of varying rarity, based on dots in the top / right / bottom/ left quadrants, coded as R, L (in relation to script), or 2 for both sides. A gold version of R/2/0/L exists.    Informational Photo:: VARIETIES
14n   Kalsang Tangka, (1909?-10), Variety: R/2/0/L.     KMY#14, JL19 EF   $ 95.00 P
14s   Kalsang Tangka, (1909?-10), Variety: R/2/2/0. Commonest variety; numerous auction results.     KMY#14, G91, DW162 EF-AU   $ 125.00 P
31a   Monk Tangka, ND (1953-54), design of Gaden Tangka, Variety: Open center dot NW symbol. (scracer variety)     KMY#31, YZM514, N354 AU-UC   $ 75.00 D
31b   Monk Tangka, ND (1953-54), design of Gaden Tangka, Variety: Solid dot NW symbol. (commoner variety)     KMY#31, YZM515, G104, DW1015, SE1468, Z22488 AU   $ 60.00 P
MODERN TIBETAN MINTS
PHOTO
Y#
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
2½ Skar, Copper :     15/47-15/52 (1913-1918)    Lion s. LEGEND, R: Concentric solid & dotted circles s. date, denomination; 23.5-24mm, 3.1-6.5gm, Copper. Types: Lion looking up = Dode Mint, Lion looking-back = Mekyi Mint (Note: Wrong obv. photo for KM38Y#16.1)    Informational Photos: Dode 15/47 VARIETIES    Dode 15/48-51 VARIETIES    Dode 15/52 VARIETIES    Mekyi 15/48 VARIETIES.
16a   2½ Skar, 15/47 (1913), Lion looking up (Dode Mint), Date Variety b: Lion narrow-mouthed.     KMY#16.1, N187 AF   $ 50.00 D
16a   2½ Skar, 15/48 (1914), Lion looking up (Dode Mint), Date Variety a: Normal-size script R.     KMY#16.1, Z92808 AF   $ 50.00 D
16b   2½ Skar, 15/48 (1914), Lion looking back (Mekyi Mint), Date Variety a: Small hill beneath lion, T above sun.     KMY#16.2, YZM639, N194 VF   $ 85.00 P
5 Skar, Copper :     15/47-15/52 (1913-1918)    Lion s. LEGEND, R: Wheel (target or flower-like) of 8 spokes s. date, denomination; 25.5-26.9mm, 5.2-8.0gm, Copper. Lion looking up = Dode; Lion looking-back or down = Mekyi. The 15/48 Mekyi issues are complex. There are 4 basic variations of the "Target" or "Flower" elements inside double circles reverse: Moving outward from center: 1) Target = Dot / 2 Circles / 8 alternating diamonds & brackets; 2) Same, 2-part yinyang instead of dot and one circle; 3) Transitional: Dot / Circle / 8 open petals / 8 blob-diamonds / 8 U's; 4) Flower = Dot / circle /8 closed petals / space / alternating U's & dots.    Informational Photos: VARIETIES overview    VARIETY A by dates     VARIETY B by dates    VARIETY C by dates    VARIETY D by dates    VARIETY E by dates    VARIETY F by dates.
17a   S Skar, 15/47 (1913), Lion looking up (Dode Mint), Date variety: "Target" reverse, 1 dot under Numeral 4. Scarce date.     KMY#17v, N174 EF wk. area   $ 100.00 P
17a   5 Skar, 15/48 (1914), Lion looking up (Dode Mint), Date variety a: 60° tilt to head.     KMY#17v, YZM651-52, N175 Vg-F   $ 17.50 P
17a   5 Skar, 15/51 (1917), Lion looking up (Dode Mint), Date variety b: No dot & tiny inner circle, rounded top 1 of 51.     KMY#17, YZM661, N176 VF   $ 50.00 P
17c   5 Skar, 15/48 (1914), Lion looking back or down (Mekyi Mint), Date variety c: Target reverse, Lion looks at rump, T92 @ 1:00, dots under 5 & 4.     KMY#17.1, YZM655, JL51A F   $ 45.00 P
17f   5 Skar, 15/52 (1918), Lion looking back or down (Mekyi Mint), Date variety c: Yinyang reverse, Lion looks at tail, T92 @ 1:00, dots under 52.     KMY#17.1 VF-EF, bent, wk. areas   $ 15.00 S
5 Sho, Silver :     15/47-16/1 (1913-27)    Lion, sun & clouds with long or short streamers s. LEGEND in fleurettes; R: Norbu s. date, denomination s. SYMBOLS in fleurettes; 28.5-29.3mm, 7.00-8.00-10.2gm. Upward-looking lion = Dode Mint; backward-looking = Mekyi until late 15/52 (1918) when Dode's best engraver moved to Mekyi, and Dode ceased coining 5 Sho. A fine-style looking-up piece dated 15/53 was likely made at Mekyi by this engraver. The exact angle of the head varies significantly even within a given date and mint.    Informational Photos: Dode 15/47-49 VARIETIES   Dode 15/50-53 VARIETIES   Mekyi 15/49-52 VARIETIES   Mekyi 15/53-16/1 VARIETIES
18b   5 Sho, silver, 15/49 (1915), Lion looking backward (Mekyi Mint), Date variety a: Short Streaners, 8 tail hairs.     KMY#18.1, YZM408-410, K1442, N171, SE1472, JL223D VF+   $ 225.00 P
2½ Skar, Copper :     15/52-55 (1918-21)      Lion looking upward 45° s. "Cycle," "Year," date, 5-dot rosettes; R: Norbu s. denomination & clouds (4); 4-lobe shape; 18.8-18.9mm; 1.6-2.3gm, Copper; Dode Mint.    Informational Photos: DATE VARIETIES    FAKES
A19X4   2½ Skar,, copper, 15/55 (1921), 4-lobe shape, MODERN FAKE: ratted tail on "5" of 15, no tails on "5's" of 55.     BF26F mention   $ 20.00 D
5 Skar, Copper :     15/52-56 (1918-22)    Crude lion s. 8-lobe s. LEGEND, R: denomination s. 8-lobe s. date, clouds-&-sun (5); 19.8-20.8mm, 2.6-2.8-3.3gm, Copper; Dode Mint. Dot in 8-lobe R probably distinguishes Upper Dode. Positiion of T92 relative to level-backed lion determines date varieties.    Informational Photos: Lower(?) Dode VARIETIES   Upper(?) Dode VARIETIES   Error VARIETIES
19a   5 Skar, copper, R: No Dot in 8-lobe = Lower(?) Dode. Dates available: 15/53, 55a     KMY#19 Each: F-VF   $ 8.00 D P
19b   5 Skar, copper, Dot in 8-lobe = Upper(?) Dode. 15/56 (1922)     KMY#19.1, YZM690, JL52C F   $ 10.00 P
19b   5 Skar, copper, Dot in 8-lobe = Upper(?) Dode. 15/56 (1922)     KMY#19.1, YZM690, JL52C VF-EF   $ 17.50 P
7½ Skar, Copper :     15/52-60 (1918-26)    Lion looking forward s. LEGEND, R: spiraling Gem, s. date, denomination; 22-24.7mm, 2.0-3.8gm, Copper; Eight-lobe flan; Dode Mint. Rhodes, "Tibetan Mints" believes that not enough of this denomination were struck to need both branches of the Dode Mint. However, fine-style examples exist with the only significant difference being c/w or cc/w spiraling gems, suggesting more than engraver whim.    Informational Photos: Gem c/w 15/52-53 VARIETIES   Gem cc/w 1552-54 VARIETIES   Gem cc/w 1555-60 VARIETIES   Error VARIETIES.
20b   7½ Skar, 15/54 (1920), scallop shape, Lion; Variety: central gem c/cw; Date variety: T92 @ 12:00 (T9 centered over head)     KMY#20 VF   $ 12.00 D
Sho, Large :     15/52 (1918)    Lion looking backward or upward s. LEGEND in fleurettes, R: sho-gang s. date, clouds (5); 25.6 - 25.9mm, 3.9-4.6gm, Copper; Dode Mint. According to Rhodes, "Tibetan Mints" #10, the large-size 15/52 Sho with head up was produced at Dode. The fine style of the head back variety and reverse die links (noted in YZM) suggest it was made there also or at Mekyi. Subvarieties are described by reference to "Sho-gang" center reverse.    Informational Photos: VARIETIES.
A21a   Sho, Large, 15/52 (1918); Variety: Backward-looking lion; Subvariety: Left letter stroke short, right letter like bent-tail T, (YZM-aY)     KMY#21b, YZM722 AEF   $ 175.00 S
Sho, 1918-28 :     15/52-16/2 (1918-28)    Lion looking backward or upward s. LEGEND in fleurettes, R: sho-gang s. date, clouds (5); 23.8-24.5mm, 4.0-6.0gm, Copper; Y21a Mekyi = R: No dots in the five ornaments, O: big-mouthed backward-looking lion, "broken neck" form of the lower character rna in 9:00 fleurettes; Y21b Ser-khang = R: Dots in ornaments, O: smaller, thin-lipped upward-looking lion (but some varieties look backward); Y21c Dode = R center: sho / gang in two lines.      Numeral forms and the angle of the lion's head create the most obvious subvarieties, but the rotation of outer legends vs. inner circle and the writing of sho-gang vary also. YZM has broken down the scarce Dode 15/56 issue by die. KM lists no-dot obv. as a variety, but they are more likely engraver errors. Commonest & cheapest coin of Tibet.     Informational Photos: Mekyi 15/52-56 VARIETIES    Mekyi 15/57-16/2 VARIETIES    Ser-khang 15/54 VARIETIES    Ser-khang 15/55 VARIETIES    Ser-khang 15/56-59 VARIETIES    Ser-khang 15/60-16/2 VARIETIES    Dode 15/56-58 VARIETIES    Dode 15/59 VARIETIES    Dode 15/60-16/2 VARIETIES
21a   Sho, No dot R ornaments & Lion's head back (Mekyi), Dates: 15/52 VF $8.50; 15/57a, 16/2 F-VF $4; 15/53, 54, 55, 56a, 57a, 58, 59a, 60, 16/1 F-VF 2.25. Sorry, at these prices, no photos.     KMY#21.1a ← PRICES S
21b   Sho, Dot R ornaments & Lion's head usually up (Ser-khang), Dates: 15/54a F-VF $8; 16/1b (overdate) F-VF $10; 16/2c F-VF $8; 15/55a, b, c, d, 56a, 57, 58a, 59, 60a, 16/1a, 2a F-VF 2.25. Sorry, at these prices, no photos.     KMY#21.2 ← PRICES S
21c   Sho, Two lines center R, Lion looking up at about 45° (Dode), Dates: 15/57a, 59a, 59c F-VF $5; 15/60, 16/1a, 1b, 2 VF 2.50. Sorry, at these prices, no photos.     KMY#21.2 ← PRICES S
21L1   Sho: BULK, Mixed lot purchased from another dealer who removed the high-grade pieces. These are mostly Vg-VF. I do not know if they have been picked for dates. I have not picked them myself. Some could benefit from cleaning. Least expensive Tibetan coin. Per 100 pieces $1.00 each; Per 10 pieces: $1.25 each.     ← PRICES S
Sho, 1932-38 :     16/6-16/12 (1932-38)    Lion looking forward s. LEGEND, Rebirth Symbols (4); R: Cloud-like ornament with Mark in central cloud / Sho-gang / Wheel Symbol s. circle, s.date, rosettes (5), 23.6-24.3mm, 4.2-6.3gm, Copper; Tapchi Mint. This type has control marks in the cloud-like ornament at 12:00 interior. There appear to be five, six, or more marks, but sloppy engraving, particularly after 16/10, makes identification difficult. Aside from these marks and the form and orientation of the date numeral(s), design elements are fairly stable for this type.    Informational Photos: 16/9 VARIETIES    16/10 VARIETIES    16/11 VARIETIES    16/12 VARIETIES
23   Sho, Tapchi Mint; Dates: 16/7 EF $10; 16/9a, b, c, d, e, f, 10c, 11d, f, g VF-EF 2.50. Sorry, at these prices, no photos.     KMY#23 ← PRICES S
1½ Srang :     16/10-20 (1936-46)    Lion facing forward, mountains s. LEGEND, SYMBOLS (4), R: Vase s. denomination, date in words, SYMBOLS (2), rosettes; 23.8-24.4mm, 5.3-6.1gm, Silver; Tapchi Mint. O/R alignment is not a meaningful source of variation. Date is below the left rosette.    Informational Photo: DATE VARIETIES
24   1½ Srang, Silver, 16/10 (1936). Scarcer date.     KMY#24, YZM509 EF, weak   $ 27.50 D
24   1½ Srang, Silver, 16/11 (1937). Date variety: Vase with vertical hatching (less visible on poor strikes or worn examples).     KMY#24, YZM510, LM660, JL30 EF   $ 23.50 D
24   1½ Srang, Silver, 16/11 (1937). Date variety: Vase without hatching (and more rounded top some dies).     KMY#24, N292 EF+   $ 25.00 D
24   1½ Srang, Silver, 16/12 (1938). Concatve top vase. Scarcer date.     KMY#24, YZM511, G101, N294 EF   $ 25.00 P
3 Srang, Lion & Mountains :     16/9-20 (1934-46)    Lion facing forward, mountains s. LEGEND, SYMBOLS (4), R: Vase s. circle, s. denomination, date in words, SYMBOLS (2), rosettes (2), 26mm, 11.1-12.7gm, Silver; Tapchi Mint. Date is below left rosette. Bertsch, W., "The Second Issue of the 3 Srang Silver Coin of Tibet," Journal of East Asian Numismatics #17, pp.19-26 classifies varieties by number of sun rays, tail and leg hairs, with as many as 22 different for the commonest date, 16/10. For 16/9 and 16/10 there is a double or single curve between the fishes. I have limited variety classification to the fish symbol and a few interesting die-engraver errors. 16/9 is probably scarcer than 16/20.    Informational Photos: 16/9-10 VARIETIES     16/11-20 VARIETIES
26   3 Srang, Silver, Lion & Mountains, 16/11 (1937), single curve between fish.     KMY#26, N288 EF+   $ 50.00 D
26   3 Srang, Silver, Lion & Mountains, 16/12 (1938), single curve between fish     KMY#26, YZM506, G103, N289 EF-AU   $ 55.00 S
3 Sho :     16/20 (1946)    Lion s. LEGEND, SYMBOLS (4), R: denomination s. date in numerals, SYMBOLS (5); 28.1-28.5mm, 7.0-8.9gm, Copper; Tapchi Mint. BT = Bertsch, W., "The Tibetan 3 Sho Copper Coin" NI Bulletin, V.23, #9, 9/97, pp. 225-230 provides a basic variety breakdown. O: single horizon between mountains, single with cloud at right, or double horizon. The left and right mountains vary in size, and suns have either 8 or 7 rays. R: Conch 10:00 has top with four dots, dot & line, or dot & 2 lines. YZM shows 17 varieties.    Informational Photo: VARIETIES
27a   3 Sho, 16/20 (1946), Variety: single horizon line, dot + line Conch. Commonest variety.     KMY#27.1, YZM829, 831, BN1a, JL58A F-VF   $ 50.00 P
5 Sho, Copper :     16/21-27 (1947-53)    Lion, mountain, clouds, suns and/or moon; R: denomination & date s. circle s. LEGEND in fleurettes, dots; 29.3-29.8mm, 8.2-8.7gm, Copper; Tapchi Mint. Types are distinguished by the mountains, sun & moon, and date varieties by number of tail and leg hairs, side clouds, and yinyang. Omitted dots and overdates distinguish reverse varieties. JL shows a number of improbable pieces which could be mules, or photo errors. The 16/27 is the only Tibetan coin of this date, and the last coin of independent Tibet. A fantasy of the three-mountain type of 16/21 was struck in copper, silver, and gold by the Vaalcambi Mint in 1978.    Informational Photos: 3 mountain, 2 sun VARIETIES    "Missing Cloud" VARIETY   Sun & Moon 16/23-24 VARIETIES   Sun & Moon 16/25-27 VARIETIES
A28   5 Sho, Two mountains, 16/21 (1947)     KMY#28, YZM838, N300, JL59F (rev), JL61C,D EF   $ 45.00 P
28a   5 Sho, Three mountains & two suns, 16/22a (1948), 16/23a (1949)     KMY#28.1, YZM838,840-45 Each: EF   $ 12.50 P D
28c   5 Sho, Three mountains, sun & moon 16/24a (1950), 25a (1951) F-VF Each: $5; 16/25a (1951) VF+ $8     KMY#28a, YZM846-57 ← PRICES P D
10 Srang, Lion / Mongooses :     16/22-26 (1948-52)    Backward-looking lion, 3 mountains, sun(s)/moon s. LEGEND in fleurettes, R: Mongooses spitting jewels or coins, date, denomination s. legend Shrit Gan Lnan Rap Jun Bacu Duk Co in fleurettes; 32.4-32.7mm, 16.1-17.1gm, 14% fine Silver; Tapchi. Mint. Varieties in dot or no-dot at end of 2nd line in center R. Many dies show bits of numeral under re-engraved dates (or awkward moons carved over suns); these are not scarce or significant. A 16/24-dated fantasy was struck in cu-ni, silver, and gold by Valcambi Mint in 1978.    Informational Photos: 2 suns VARIETIES    Moon & Sun 16/23-24 VARIETIES    16/25-26 VARIETIES    FANTASY
29a   10 Srang, billon, Mongoose reverse, Two suns, Denomination in numerals, 16/22a (1948) Variety: five pellets below right mongoose's mouth (Note: wrong R illo in KM)     KMY#29, YZM516, G10,5 LM663, N323, Z83190 F-VF   $ 19.50 S
29b   10 Srang, billon, Mongoose reverse, Two suns, Denomination in script, 16/23b (1949) Variety: dot after denomination. Note: "2" often shows under "3."     KMY#29.1, YZM517, N324-25, Z83189 EF, discolored   $ 50.00 P
F201   10 Srang, 16/24 (1950), Fantasy 1978 restrike in cu-ni, 5000 mintage. Valcambi Mint. 13.17gm.     KMUWC#X4 Proof   $ 125.00 P
10 Srang, Lion / Inscription :     16/25-25 (1950-51)    Backward-looking lion, 3 mountains, sun(s)/moon s. LEGEND in fleurettes, R: denomination, date in words, s. legend Tu Got Bat Srit Dot Rgu Kyil Wa; 32.5mm, 16.6-17.1gm, 14% finene silver; Tapchi Mint. The dot / no dot after date variety is carried forward from Y29. The left mountain has either two short ridges above lion's mane, as with Y29 (mountain resembles a hooded figure with two equal, bent arms); one long ridge (long left arm); or no ridges as KM36Y#30 (stub right arm, no left).    Informational Photos: 16/24 VARIETIES    16/25 VARIETIES
30   10 Srang, billon, Inscriptions reverse, 16/24b (1950), Date Variety: Dot after date, single long ridge above lion's mane.     KMY#30 F-VF   $ 17.50 S
30   10 Srang, billon, Inscriptions reverse, 16/24b (1950), Date Variety: Dot after date, two short angled ridges above lion's mane.     KMY#30, YZM526, N331 VF/+   $ 22.50 S
30   10 Srang, billon, Inscriptions reverse, 16/24c (1950), Date Variety: Dot after date, no ridge above lion's mane.     KMY#30-photo, JL31E VF+   $ 23.50 S
30   10 Srang, billon, Inscriptions reverse, 16/24e (1950), Date Variety: NO dot after date, two short angled ridges above lion's mane.     KMY#30, YZM527, LM661 VF   $ 20.00 S
30   10 Srang, billon, Inscriptions reverse, 16/25 (1951), Dot after date.     KMY#30, YZM528, N332, JL31F VF/+   $ 20.00 S
MODERN CHINESE MINTS
PHOTO
Y#
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
329T   Dollar, Chinese restrike of Yuan-shih Kai "fat man" dollar, Yr. 3 (struck mid 1950s), Chengdu mint; upper right portion of triangle in "Yuan" is CLOSED on these, but open on other varieties. To pay laborers on the road between Chamdo and Lhasa. Rhodes, N., "A Communist Chinese Restrike, "Num. Circ. 6/75, pp. 239-240.     G146, X6-16?, Z7418 AU-UC, bagmarks   $ 250.00 S
110   Yuan, 1985, cu-ni, PRC Tibet Region commem. Potala Palace. Harder than others to find in high grade.     KMY#110 UC   $ 50.00 S
SICHUAN RUPEE :     Rupee: (1905?-43?) Emp. Guangxu in Mandarin dress (derived from Victoria Rupee), R: Rosette s. Chinese Szu chuan sheng tsao s. floral border, 30.5mm, 11.2-11.3g; 1/4R: (?1904-05, 12), 19mm, 2.8-2.9g; 1/2R: (?1904-05, 12), 23mm, 5.2-5.8g; Rupee Mints: Types a-p: 1902-11 Chengdu, Types q-z 1930?-43? Kangding. Introduced to compete with the British Indian Rupee. GR = Gabrisch, K., "Die Sichuan Rupie und ihre Varianten", Numismatische Zeitung XII, #4 (1982), pp. 44-47, includes a catalog of 8 basic types of the "small head" Rupee. In order of issue and decreasing fineness, the four classes are 1) Bust with no collar, 2) Collar, 3) "Flat nose" issues of Kanting Mint, which can be difficult to distinguish from 4) "Big head" (curled strokes in Sze). Some Chinese works consider Y3L as the earliest issue.    Informational Photos: 1/4 R. VARIETIES    1/2 R. VARIETIES    VARIETIES a-b     VARIETIES c-d     VARIETIES e-h     VARIETIES i-j     VARIETIES l-o     VARIETIES q     VARIETIES r-t     VARIETIES w     BIG HEADS     BASE METAL
1a   1/4 Sichuan Rupee, Variety: Bud on flower 12:00, Bud at 10-11:00 wreath interior nearly touching Szu has stem with ball (or curl) at left; leaf 3:00 wreath interior has no stem above rightward branches. (scarcer variety) 2.83gm     YZM440, JL36, DW752, BF78 VF   $ 550.00 D
1d   1/4 Sichuan Rupee, Variety: No bud on flower 12:00, Bud at 10-11:00 wreath interior which nearly touches Szu has flower at left;, leaf @ 3:00 wreath interior has thick stem above rightward branches. (commonest variety) 2.85gm, Die break across portrait.     YZM441-42, G79 DW753 EF   $ 625.00 D
3j   Sichuan Rupee, Variety: No collar (& plain chin strap), Horizontal rosette, large closed bud 12:30 inner wreath, small flower @ 9:00 outer. small closed bud 12:30 inner wreath, small flower @ 9:00 outer. Scarce or Rare variety.     KMY#3.1, YZM446, K588/2? EF+   $ 750.00 P
3L   Sichuan Rupee, ND (1912-16), Variety: Collar, Vertical rosette, no bud@ 12:30 interior wreath, 14 pearls in chin-strap. Chengdu mint (commonest variety) INFORMATIONAL PHOTO.     KMY#3.2, YZM452, 454, GR6, G7,5 LY136, JL32B, BF71 AU, toned   $ 325.00 P
3q   Sichuan Rupee, Variety: FLAT NOSE, Vertical rosette, leaf 1:30 interior wreath, 16 pearls, straight strokes in Sze. Kangding Mint.     KMY#3.4, YZM371? F   $ 150.00 P
BIG HEADS :     (1939-42) Their dark color, larger portraits with prominent nose and staring eye, and curled (vs. straight) central vertical strokes in the Chinese "sze" (or 4) rev. distinguish them from earlier types, including the similar flat-nose Kangting issues. Weights are highly variable between 9.4 - 12.4gm. Kann, E. in Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Coins attributes this late issue (1939-42) to warlords in the Tibet-Szechuan border area. He breaks them into two classes, open lips (K585), and closed (K586). Other points to note are straight, half-round, or fully-round back on portrait, number of beads in chin strap, beads in necklace, lines in hat, and 3 vs. 2.5 panels on chest. Chinese collectors call it the red-faced Rupee and have named the different faces.    Informational Photos: SAMPLES, SILVER    SAMPLES, BASE
3Za   Sichuan Rupee, Big head, Variety: open lips (MANY subvarieties). Warlord issue? (less common variety) 9.98gm. Unusually light.     (KMY#3.3), YZM473-479?, K585, JL32D EF+   $ 125.00 P
3Za   Sichuan Rupee, Big head, Variety: open lips (MANY subvarieties). Warlord issue? (less common variety) 10.92gm.     (KMY#3.3), YZM473-479?, K585, JL32D EF, weak   $ 75.00 P
3Zk   Sichuan Rupee, Big head, Variety: closed lips (MANY subvarieties). Warlord issue? (commonest) 10.76gm.     KMY#3.3, YZM480?-484, K586, G77, JL32C EF+   $ 125.00 P
3Zk   Sichuan Rupee, Big head, Variety: closed lips (MANY subvarieties). Warlord issue? (commonest) 11.23gm.     KMY#3.3, YZM480?-484, K586, G77, JL32C VF+   $ 75.00 P
3Zk   Sichuan Rupee, Big head, Variety: closed lips (MANY subvarieties). Warlord issue? (commonest) 10.94gm.     KMY#3.3, YZM480?-484, K586, G77, JL32C F, imperfect flan   $ 40.00 P
3Zp   Sichuan Rupee, Big head, Variety: closed lips, short head. 10.96gm.     KMY#3.3, YZM480?-484, K586, G77, JL32C VF+   $ 95.00 P
3Zw   Sichuan Rupee, Big head, Variety: open lips, low silver content. 9.04gm.     KMY#3.3, YZM480?-484, K586, G77, JL32C AVF   $ 50.00 P
COUNTERSTAMPS :     Believed to be the Tibetan equivalent of Chinese money-changer "chopmarks" to test and guarantee fineness, though some writers suggest other origins. Some types are known to be fantasies. GB = Garbrisch, K & Bertsch, W. "Chopmarks on Sichuan rupees and Coins From Tibet," in NI Bulletin, V.26 #3, 3/91, pp. 57-65 covers most known types & speculates on some as dubious. The common type with "5" or "S" is attributed to Litang Monestary at Y.K. Leung's site. BF = Bertsch, Tibetan Fake Coins and Fantasy Countermarks, 2003, exposes fantasy marks believed done in Northern india 1980s-90s, and gives better illustrations of the genuine ones. False c/s on Rupees and other coins are listed below. Rhodes (SH217) notes a "Norbu" c/s on a coin issued c. 1955.    Informational photos: C/S SA     C/S LI YUNG LAM     C/S (CHINESE)    C/S 5    C/S ONE    C/S 4    FANTASY C/S 1R    FANTASY C/S 1/2R
3V12   Sichuan Rupee, c/s, Big-head variety c/s with "5" or "S," Litang Monestary? Variety: Die bb, similar to Gabrisch E.     YZM496, LM363 Coin Vg-F, c/s clear   $ 50.00 S
FANTASY COINAGE
PHOTO
Y#
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
F201   10 Srang, 16/24 (1950), Fantasy 1978 restrike in cu-ni, 5000 mintage. Valcambi Mint. 13.17gm.     KMUWC#X4 Proof   $ 125.00 P
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